if they are getting it right or have never
heard of BIM.
• Owners’ future with BIM: 82% expect BIM
to impact their future; 75% feel they need
basic knowledge of BIM and the usefulness
of it for their organization.
• The “I” in BIM stands for information,
which is inputted into BIM using the format standard of Construction Operations
Building information exchange (COBie).
Yet, 50% of the high-tech building owners
have not heard of CoBie.
• High-tech building owners are currently
using BIM 38% of the time post-construc-tion for their facilities.
• High-tech building owner’s use of BIM for
managing expenses: 16% use it for energy
management; 19% for improving work
• 13 to 27% of owners use BIM for managing
processes (scheduling, space management,
cost estimating and equipment inventory).
• 81% of owners would like to use BIM more
to address continuous commissioning.
• 60 to 70% of owners would like to use BIM
for energy monitoring.
• Only 20% of owners feel that their building
information is very accurate.
• Delivering and maintaining BIM for the
owner: 66% of owners felt that either the
architect or contractor should provide the
final BIM deliverable (Figure 1); 53% felt
that either a supervisor or the commissioning agent should verify the building
information and model (Figure 2); 65% felt
that either a technician or supervisor should
maintain the building information and
model over time.
BIM is changing fast and very few owners, and subsequently owner contracts, are
able to keep abreast of the changes. What we
are seeing in the marketplace for delivering
BIM to the owner is currently very chaotic.
Owner contracts are typically ambiguous in
their contract language and absent in specific
requirement for BIM deliverables, resulting
in less than optimal conditions for everyone
There are several organizations providing
current contract requirements for BIM. The
AIA has developed a Building Information
Protocol (AIA document E202-2008 available
at www.aia.org), which delineates the basic
requirements for a BIM contract. We must
develop the proper standards for BIM in our
contracts so the industry can be consistent
in developing and delivering BIM to meet an
Owners are the last group to understand
and implement the broad benefits that BIM
can offer and they are at a distinct disadvantage in preparing BIM contracts. If the owner
doesn’t have BIM expertise, then it is advised
that the owner gain the services of a BIM
The expert would be expected to educate
and advise the owner on the basics of BIM
and the range of applications that are now
known and anticipated. The expert, through
discussions with the owner’s operations management and O&M staff, user representatives,
the CIO, budget officer, environmental health
and safety and others, should gain a thorough
understanding of the owners needs. The
expert should guide the owner to understand
how BIM is the platform for programs that
can support the management and operation of
the facility throughout its lifecycle. The expert
should then serve to facilitate the incorporation of the owner’s needs into the project
contract and facilitate discussions between the
owner, designer and construction manager.
With BIM changing so fast, a BIM expert
should have experience on numerous projects that are similar in type to your project.
The most critical characteristic, however, is
someone who is willing to listen and learn.
Everyone involved with BIM today is gaining experience, but no two experiences are
alike, and we need to be open to learning from
each other and proceed forward as a team.
Although it might appear biased, we believe
they should also be members of the buildingSMART alliance as that indicates they are
keeping up with the latest standards and business processes.
BIM AND BUILDING EFFICIENCY: MODELING,
How well are our buildings designed to
optimize building efficiency? How well are
they performing after they are commissioned?
And how well are they operating over time
for the owner? The high-tech building type is
a very complicated assembly with thousands
of objects and processes that influence the
buildings performance. Furthermore, by their
very mission the users of high-tech buildings
greatly affect the performance of the building.
Performance aspects of a high-tech building
can include energy and water consumption,
worker health and safety, security, contamination, hazardous materials storage and management, hazardous releases and more.
BIM is a platform that can provide a comprehensive and interactive assembly of the
components in a building to create a new type
of energy model. As we add more information into BIM for each individual part of the
building, BIM becomes increasingly closer
to matching the real-world building itself.
An example of what we are expecting is an
energy model, which by understanding how
the occupants may filter in and out of a building throughout the day, can tell us the most
efficient array of pump and water heater sizes,
that will maximize energy efficiency to meet
the required need. Better data will translate
to better designs and allow us to create more
efficient buildings. Currently, both IBM and
GE have ad campaigns touting how they are
creating smart machines. Cars are smart, even
refrigerators can now be “smart;” and we will
increasingly see smart products in our buildings. BIM is the ideal platform to visualize and
use the information that is and will be available for us to use.
Some high-tech building owners currently
require that the building energy model be
maintained and updated throughout construction and building commissioning. As we
move forward into building operations and
use, it is important that our buildings have the
ability to measure and monitor their energy
use. It has been documented that providing
users with metrics on their impact on building energy has resulted in changed behaviors
and reduced energy consumption. The adage
is “That if you don’t have the right information, then you can’t make the right decision.”
Measuring and monitoring of energy use
provides the information for operators and
users to make the proper decisions to reduce a
building’s energy use.
BIM FOR BUILDING OWNERS AWARDS: BEST
PRACTICES, BEST PRODUCTS
We are presently on the cutting edge of the
development and adoption of BIM for own-
ers. This era that we are about to enter is the
computerization of building ownership, the
ability to work virtually to monitor, maintain
and operate buildings. Being on the cusp of
this wave, it is important that an effort be put
16 LaboratoryDesign|JUL|AUG 2013
Laying the foundation for
sustainable lab operations
and management with BIM
continued from page 15
Figure 2: “Who should verify BIM for the owner?”