comparison might already be well on its way to a LEED certification
status. In certain jurisdictions, compliance with enhanced building
codes has already raised the bar on many projects.
What costs are included? Capital costs are classified into direct, indirect and
soft costs. There are direct costs related to the LEED registration and certification process. Pre-requisites include fundamental commissioning, which
may entail as much as a 1% project cost increase. However, commissioning
for a research facility is not only good practice but common practice.
When is sustainable design considered? Good design should incorporate
sustainable principles. This works best if begun at the very early stages.
Issues such as building orientation and massing do not typically cost
any additional money to analyze properly in the design stage, but can
be costly if considered later. When initiatives overlap, synergies occur,
enhancing their impact.
Based on selected analysis, the step from basic responsible lab building
design to a LEED v. 3.0-certified level (minimum of 40 to 49 points) may
represent a construction cost premium ranging between 3 to 5% above usual
predictable costs. As we reach for higher levels of certification, assuming these
can be achieved, the premiums grow. However, the beneficial impacts on life-cycle costs (total cost of ownership) should be recognized as a valuable initial
capital investment. These initial costs represent a fraction of the total life-cycle costs for ownership. Research facilities consume extreme quantities of
energy (ie. water and power). Therefore more efficient design and equipment,
though perhaps more costly, quickly become cost benefits.
THE OUTLOOK BY LOCATION
Local market conditions are stabilizing, but still suffering. Costs have continued to stabilize nationally, but are projected to slightly increase, with a rise
through 2014. The basis for the indexed regional and international costs (Figure
3) include: analysis of market conditions, review of project construction costs
nationally, regional labor rates and productivity factors. The regional variations
are largely attributable to labor cost and productivity issues.
John Gering, AIA, is managing partner and Carlie Campesi is senior
associate, Dir. of R&D Design both with HLW International LLP, New York,
N. Y. ( www.hlw.com). Additional information was provided by Christopher
Baxter, VP, and Ed Bullwinkle, technical dir., both with the consulting firm
Faithful+Gould ( www.fgould.com).
LaboratoryDesign|JUL|AUG 2013 9
SEPTEMBER 24-26. I2SL Annual Conference. Minneapolis,
Minn. Sponsored by the International Institute for
Sustainable Laboratories (I2SL). www.i2sl.org
OCTOBER 7-9. Laboratory Design (Course #P059). Orlando,
Fla. Sponsored by Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Engineering
Professional Development. epd.engr.wisc.edu/webP059
NOVEMBER 13-15. SEFA U.S. Annual Trade Show and Meeting.
Las Vegas, Nev. Sponsored by the Scientific Equipment and
Furniture Association (SEFA). www.sefalabs.com
MARCH 27-28, 2014. 12th Annual TurnKey Conference.
National Harbor, Md. Sponsored by ALN Magazine and ALN
APRIL 2-4, 2014. Laboratory Design Conference. Waltham,
Mass. Sponsored by Laboratory Design Newsletter.
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