LaboratoryDesign|JUL|AUG 2014 9
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part of a larger building or facility. They represent only a part of the
full building cost. Class 10,000 spaces encompass staging, cleaning and
assembly. Cost increase from 2013: 3.0%. Class 1,000 spaces may be
used for solid dosage form production. Cost increase from 2013: 2.9%.
Class 100 facilities are suitable for sterile filling and preparations. Cost
decrease from 2013: 1.2%.
• BSL- 3 lab spaces. Cost increase from 2013: 3.0%.
• BSL- 4 lab spaces. Cost increase from 2013: 2.9%.
• Greenhouse. Cost increase from 2013: 3.0%.
• K- 12 biology/chemistry teaching labs. Cost increase from 2013: 1.2%.
• Advanced physical science research facilities. Unique state-of-the-art
facilities with apparatus that replicates nature itself. Cost increase
from 2013: 2.8%.
• Nanotechnology research facilities (excluding tool equipment). Cost
increase from 2013: 2.9%.
Areas which may cause a variation in cost/sf are:
• Program space: the lab-to-office mix ratio (expensive space vs. inexpensive space).
• Floor-to-floor height.
• Use of interstitial mechanical space.
• Exterior wall material and area. The average building has a floorplate
configuration whereby the aggregate exterior wall area is within 50%
of the building’s total gsf. Any deviation affects the cost/sf.
• Perimeter of the exterior wall (perimeter-to-floor area ratio).
• The efficiency of the floor space.
• Extent of system redundancies.
• Type of casework (fixed of flexible, metal or wood).
• Soil conditions and their effect on foundation design.
• Extraordinary degrees of vibration intolerance.
• Use of sole-source manufacturers.
• Restrictive site conditions.
• Lab finishes (vinyl composite tile and epoxy paint vs. synthetic flooring and high-build epoxy finishes).
COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH SUSTAINABLE DESIGN
Sustainable design features and practices continue to grow with respect
to research facilities (despite the fact that no formal LEED standard has yet
to be established by the U.S. Green Building Council for this building type).
This has resulted in increasing numbers of examples and data points with
which to develop metrics and base trends. Based on our experience and
; Cost forecast methodology
HLW International and Faithfu+Gould have collaborated to show the cost
trends of the 2014 market. The purpose of this report is to assist those
involved in research facility planning, design and construction in benchmarking probable facility construction costs. This document is a benchmarking
tool and is not designed to replace a detailed cost estimate prepared during
the course of a specific project. The latter measure is extremely critical. This
report is intended to help establish targets and to measure subsequent
progress. The two firms have employed a multifaceted approach when generating the new forecasts. A methodology was employed for developing the
updated costs by facility type, which included the following elements:
• In-house cost indexes representing HLW and Faithful+Gould research
• Review of nationally published cost data.
• Review and analysis of labor rate and productivity data.
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