updates are essential to program managers and administrators to understand the overall sustainable concepts and their
sensitivities to operational parameters.
Energy modeling protocols have become a commonly accepted method of determining energy use. Site-specific energy
models are often calibrated to reported utility meter data and
can be used to quantify and calibrate retrofit measures and
energy-saving sustainable designs. These models have proven
accuracies and can be used in parallel with other new or existing models for verification and validation of the new measurements being collected. The ASHRAE (American Society
of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers)
Performance Rating Method (PRM) contained in Appendix
G of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 has become the most commonly used building energy modeling protocol in the U.S.
Energy use is the most commonly accepted indicator of the
sustainability of research laboratory. Energy use is also one
of the most instrumented aspects of a commercial building.
There are numerous components that can be metered to
collect this plethora of data. Energy metering data can be collected from electric sources, natural gas sources, potable water, gray water, steam, heating systems, hot and chilled water
systems and condensed water. Electric metering data can also
be collected from air handling systems and HVAC systems.
Thermal metering of cooling tower makeup water or other
HVAC systems can also be collected. Electric metering data
can also be collected from lighting loads, instrumentation
systems, physical and chemical testing systems, along with
that of glassware washers and animal cage washers.
All of this and more data can be collected starting at various stages of the design and construction process. Which ones
are aggregated into the final modeling system will need to
be identified early on in the design process to ensure that the
correct sustainability values are collected and documented.
costs, specialty consulting costs and fees, construction costs,
fit-up costs, miscellaneous expenses and contingency costs.
The sustainable aspects of each of the sections of this checklist can be included to monitor the sustainable development
costs versus the overall budget.
The macro- and micro-programming aspects of different
laboratory spaces within the overall research facility (
identified during the strategic planning process) can also be used
to document and monitor progress in the sustainable portions of the design and construction of the new or renovated
research laboratory process. Macro-programming identifies
such aspects as building organization, floor plate efficiency,
equipment requirements and program space for sustainable
operations. Micro-programming identifies such laboratory
operations as lab air changes, plumbing, power, filtering
systems, indoor temperature and relative humidity, lighting,
exhaust devices, utilities and MEP redundancies.
Tracking systems should also be established that can
accommodate unexpected or future changes in the overall
sustainable functioning or design of the research laboratory.
Space may need to be allocated at the shipping dock, for
example, to accommodate multiple dumpsters for future
waste stream separations. This may also be carried over into
additional waste receptacles in the alcoves of individual labs
when waste streams might need to be further separated into
different materials categories. Obviously, future changes are
next to impossible to predict, but will surely occur.
The energy models and simulations created during the
initial strategy planning processes can also be integrated into
a cost and schedule monitoring system to further identify
compliance with the sustainable projections that were initially designed into the research lab. With new inputs as the
project proceeds, the energy models and simulations can be
updated to provide a closer match to the final results. These
Sustainable Design Concepts – Passive
Passive sustainable design concepts as applied to the design and construction of new or renovated research laborato- ries pertain to those designs that have few moving parts
and few overall direct costs associated with the design. They are
“low-hanging fruit” with inherently simple designs that relate to
decisions made that are sustainable by themselves. They represent more sustainable decisions than sustainable technologies
(covered in the next section of this report).
Passive designs relate to the siting of the building on a plot
of land that enables the sun and prevailing winds to provide
the most cost-effective value for thermally operating the
building or structure. Many passive designs relate to siting
concepts and the overall positioning of the structure to take
as much advantage of its environment as possible. A passive
sustainable design approach essentially costs the same as
what the developer has to pay for accomplishing essential
tasks in a conventional design. A passive sustainable design
accomplishes the same effect as a conventional design, but in
a smarter, more sustainable manner.
Designing and developing a sustainable research lab begins
with the ground that it is expected to be built on—or in other
words, the site. There are a number of passive energy-saving
Smarter passive sustainable decisions essentially cost the same as conventional